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Working, utility and assistance dogs

There are several types of working dogs:

  • Assistance dogs which help the seeing and hearing-impaired. Others are trained to help those with epilepsy and psychiatric disorders, by detecting the onset of the condition so they can seek help. The typical assistance dog is a sociable breed such as a Labrador Retriever.
  • The detection dog, which is a dog trained to and works at using its senses (almost always the sense of smell) to detect substances such as explosives or illegal drugs.
  • Guard dogs are trained for personal protection, or to protect property. These are commonly Doberman Pinschers, German Shepherds and Rottweilers as well as dogs of other breeds that have protection instinct.
  • Herding dogs can be trained to help the herder to move the herded animals, such as sheep. Australian Cattle Dog, Border Collie, and German Shepherd are common herding breeds.
  • Hunting dogs can be trained to assist the hunter. Terriers and retrievers are hunting breeds.
  • Police dogs, typically German Shepherds, are trained to assist law enforcement officers.
  • Search and Rescue dogs also known as SAR dogs, are specially trained to search for missing humans. The archetypal breed is the St. Bernard. Nowadays, many dogs of other breeds, such as German Shepherd and Doberman Pinscher are trained to perform this task.
  • Rescue at sea dogs - Newfoundland
  • Therapy dogs, with friendly and gentle temperaments, trained to provide comfort and affection to hospitalized and institutionalized patients.
  • The war dog, used by the military to detect mines and enemy soldiers.
  • Livestock Guardian dog, are used to protect livestock in the range against predators and theft. Maremma Sheepdog and Anatolian Shepherd Dog are typical livestock guardians.

Working dogs most commonly are purebreds that had been bred for certain traits, however working mixed-breed dogs are not uncommon.

 
 
Working dogs most commonly are purebreds that had been bred for certain traits, however working mixed-breed dogs are not uncommon.

 

 

 

The above information uses material from Wikipedia and is licensed

under the GNU Free Documentation License.